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The question of Food security is getting more attention in the world today. To reduce the poverty level among the general public and to bring food security, the government of India promoted Public Distribution System for covering the basic essential goods at supported rates. This paper flow a light of PDS in Kerala and in thus a way to understand how this scheme meets the food requirements of the weaker sections that were not able to find for themselves owing to the huge market fluctuation of pricing. The study exclusively based on primary data, a Multistage Purposive Sampling Technique has been used and a personal interview has been adopted. 485 households were selected for the survey. Basic descriptive methods, Food Security Index and Multiple Linear Regression model were used to analyze the role of the public distribution system to mitigate poverty among rural households in Kottayam district, Kerala.