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Workers participation is the most debated issues now-a-days. Nowhere has the concept been defined clearly because it has come to be associated with varying practices in different countries. The form and connotation of the term also vary according to the social and economic goals of a particular country. It means different things to different people. As stated in an article in the International Labor Review, most international discussions on the subject suffer from the fact that those who use the term are often thinking of one particular form of participation only. For management it is joint consultation prior to decision making. Management experts and executives view it as a mechanism where workers have a say in the decision making process of an enterprise. For laborers, it is just like co-decision or co-determination. From the foregoing discussion, it is clear that the concept is a very confused, controversial and debatable issue in the field of personnel and industrial relations.

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Lakshmi , S. S., & Gayatri, M. (2019). Workers’ Participation in Management (WPM) in India – An Overview. Thematics Journal of Geography, 8(12), 777-786. Retrieved from