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The paper presents the case of village tanks in Gondia District of Maharashtra State in India. Essentially the village tanks are the source of irrigation. They are characterized by their comparatively smaller command area a cluster of 3-4 villages at the most. This study is focused on a particular type of village tanks called the MajiMalguzari tanks (the MM tanks). The MM tanks have distinct community based management history. This study is an attempt to understand the change in community based management over the period of last 100 years as a result of certain policy initiatives at national level. The MM tanks are a classic case of changes at policy level leading to changes at operational level.