Study of the Effect of Urbanization on Coronary Heart Disease

  • Puneet Kulshrestha
  • Dr. Pankaj Gupta


Urbanization has been accompanied by a rise in the rate of coronary heart disease (CHD). This trend has gone hand in hand with an increased consumption of processed, energy-dense food and dependence on machines for physical work. This rapid urbanization and accompanying lifestyle changes in India lead to transition in non-communicable disease risk factors. Rapid urbanization and industrialization drives the rising burden of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) worldwide that are characterized by uptake of unhealthy lifestyle such as tobacco and alcohol use, physical inactivity and unhealthy diet. In India, the prevalence of various NCDs and its risk factors shows wide variations across geographic regions necessitating region-specific evidence for population-based prevention and control of NCDs.